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100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

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To illustrate thoroughly how loud can a volcanic explosion can be, humans, in general, can tolerate up to 130 decibels. In conclusion, volcanoes are fascinating geological features that play a significant role in shaping our planet and influencing the climate. On the other hand, volcanic eruptions can also lead to the creation of new land, such as the Hawaiian Islands. We aim to empower and inspire our readers with the tools needed to understand the world and appreciate its everyday awe. Ash is made up of small, sharp, angular fragments of glass and other volcanic rock; due to its abrasive nature, volcanic ash can cause damage to aircraft.

The ash can damage the lungs, especially those of older people, babies, and people with respiratory problems. There are also more than 80 volcanoes under the ocean, although these are just the ones that have been discovered. All that heat melts rock, causing it to rise to the surface, where it eventually blasts out as a volcano. There are about 1,350 potentially active volcanoes worldwide, not counting the volcanoes under the oceans. In addition to all hazard supplies, include: goggles, N-95 disposable mask, long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and supplies to seal ash out of your home.Thus, it’s one of the deadliest and most colossal volcanic events in recorded history reaching as high as a Volcanic Explosivity Index 6, or VEI 6. Each volcano around the world can have a unique sound as there are reports of some eruption to be relatively quiet. Since then, scientists have verified and refined this theory, and now have a much better understanding of how our planet has been shaped by plate-tectonic processes. Follow Livia and her pack on the day that Mount Vesuvius erupts - how will Livia and the rest of her pack survive the devastation? The denser oceanic plate is forced under the lighter continental plate and this friction causes the oceanic plate to melt.

Rather, they are studied by many scientists from several specialties: geophysicists and geochemists, who probe the deep roots of volcanoes and monitor signs of future eruptions; geologists, who decipher prehistoric volcanic activity and infer the likely nature of future eruptions; biologists, who learn how plants and animals colonize recently erupted volcanic rocks; and meteorologists, who determine the effects of volcanic dust and gases on the atmosphere, weather, and climate. To date, there are over 10 massive explosive eruptions that have ever reached the VEI 8 classification. Finally, explore different volcanoes around the world by starting with North America, using these Display Posters.This phenomenon obscures the sun and raises the Earth’s albedo, the measure of the diffuse reflection of solar radiation from the ground back to the space of incidence. A supervolcano is a huge volcano that already erupted with a VEI or Volcanic Explosivity Index of 8, and it’s the strongest/largest recorded value on the index. Miles Kelly is an independent UK children's book publisher, producing high-quality , affordable books for kids . I found 82 recorded eruptions in the last 10 000 years but there are many within that date with no date attached because of the number of volcanoes to study and accesibility. In the United States, volcanoes in the Cascade Range and Alaska (Aleutian volcanic chain) are part of the Ring, while Hawaiian volcanoes form over a 'hot spot' near the center of the Ring.

Geologists have grouped volcanoes into four main kinds: shield volcanoes, lava domes, cinder cones, and composite volcanoes. Swarms of small earthquakes, which may be caused by a rising plug of dense, viscous magma oscillating against a sheath of more-permeable magma, may also signal volcanic eruptions, especially explosive ones. It includes definitions for various key vocabulary for this topic, all clearly defined to aid understanding.Gaseous emissions from volcanic vents over hundreds of millions of years formed the Earth's earliest oceans and atmosphere, which supplied the ingredients vital to evolve and sustain life. Instead, heat is transferred from Earth’s interior largely by convection—that is, the partial melting of Earth’s crust and mantle and the buoyant rise of magma to the surface. When the burning hot lava is released in the eruption spreads across the land nearby, it can seriously damage entire towns, houses, and areas of farmland. Even when a volcano is quiet, steep volcanic slopes can collapse to become landslides, and large rocks can be hurled by powerful steam blasts. Plus, the book includes 100 fun facts for quick and quirky information on all kinds of volcanoes, all around the world—and even some that are out of this world!

On our planet, volcanoes often sit in tectonic plates that are converging or diverging, and numerous of them are located underwater.

Larger fragments fall back around the vent, and clouds of tephra may move down the slope of the volcano under the force of gravity. Shield-volcano Mauna Kea viewed from the northern slope of Mauna Loa (cinder cones in the foreground) shows off its broad shield shape. Vesuvius, and affected the weather all over the world, making snow fall on the 4th of July - in Virginia!

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